Evaporative coolers are also called swamp coolers. They function by pulling fresh air in from the outside, and then running it through moist pads. These cool the water by evaporation before it is circulated throughout a home thanks to the large blower. These are ideal cooling devices in climates or weather where the air is hot in temperature, but the humidity is low.
One feature that fans of these units love is the cost savings involved. They usually are on sale for a fraction of the price of an actual air conditioner, and they run on less electricity too, so they provide badly needed cooling in a home without running up the power bill like an air conditioner would.
Unlike rooftop coolers, the process for a window-mounted swamp cooler installation is a simple enough process. If your unit is not a window model, you might need to consult the manufacturer and/or hire a professional swamp cooler contractor.
For this project, you are going to need various tools, and you will want to consult with your local municipality to see if you will need a permit. They include a drill, wrenches, and a lever. Materials you need include the evaporative cooler itself, the water supply line, the cut-off valve, the fittings, and the hose.
The first step in the process is the installation of hanger and support. Most evaporative coolers, even window units, are not inclined to sit durably in a window like a similar-sized air conditioner. The support hangers should be mounted first. Follow that up with the assembly and installation of any support brackets, going by the instructions the manufacturer gives. If necessary, build up the outside of the windowsill so it can support the cool-air vent that will go through that window.
The second step is the installation of the cooler itself. Place it in the chosen window. Rest the vent onto the support assembly. Follow the manufacturer instructions again to attach the cooler to its brackets.
The third step is attaching the water line. You’ll need to tap into your water line and then run the water supply line to the cooling unit. Install the cut off valve in a place where the water can be drained easily. Follow this up by attaching a hose to the unit’s overflow drain line. Run that hose over the ground, having it end well away from your home’s foundation. Over time, if the drained moisture were close to the foundation, you could risk soil erosion, basement flooding, and even a cracked or unlevel foundation.
The fourth step is to attach the provided air vent to the cooler’s front. Then, plug in the power cord to any 120-volt grounded circuit in the house.
The fifth and final step is to turn it on and try it out, while thanking the person that assisted you for their time and trouble.
Most everything you might need for this project, including the evaporative cooler itself and possibly contractor or handyman help should be available on the many aisles and shelves of your community home improvement or hardware store.